Berean Seventh-day Adventist Church

Metabolic Syndrome

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Metabolic Syndrome
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Metabolic syndrome is a name for a group of risk factors that occur together and increase the risk for coronary artery disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Metabolic syndrome is becoming more and more common in the United States. Researchers are not sure whether the syndrome is due to one single cause, but all of the risks for the syndrome are related to obesity.

Signs and tests
According to the American Heart Association and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, metabolic syndrome is present if you have three or more of the following signs:
• Blood pressure equal to or higher than 130/85 mmHg
• Fasting blood sugar (glucose) equal to or higher than 100 mg/dL
• Large waist circumference (length around the waist):
• Men - 40 inches or more
• Women - 35 inches or more
• Low HDL cholesterol:
• Men - under 40 mg/dL
• Women - under 50 mg/dL
• Triglycerides equal to or higher than 150 mg/dL

Tests that may be done to diagnose metabolic syndrome include:
• Blood pressure measurement - Glucose test - HDL cholesterol level
• LDL cholesterol level - Total cholesterol level - Triglyceride level

Treatment
The goal of treatment is to reduce your risk of heart disease and diabetes. Your doctor will recommend lifestyle changes or medicines to help reduce your blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, and blood sugar. Recommendations include:
• Lose weight. The goal is to lose between 7% and 10% of your current weight. You will probably need to eat 500 - 1,000 fewer calories per day.
• Get 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise, such as walking, 5 - 7 days per week.
• Lower your cholesterol using weight loss, exercise, and cholesterol lowering medicines, if needed.
• Lower your blood pressure using weight loss, exercise, and medicine, if needed.
• Some people may need to take daily low-dose aspirin. People who smoke should quit. DO NOT Hesitate to see your doctor if you have any three of the above risk factors!!!